Preserving natural resources

Climate change is one of the biggest environmental threats the human race is facing. The threat is severe in rainfed areas of semi-arid regions of Rajasthan and Bundelkhand, where poor farmers face acute water scarcity.

The Rajasthan State accounts for 10 percent of India's total land area, 5% of its population but has only 1 percent of the country's water resources. Recurring droughts coupled with reduction number of rainy days, erratic monsoon rainfall and lowering ground water levels pose challenges for agriculture and human health. Lack of access to resources, knowledge and a support system further exacerbates farmer vulnerability. 

Farming is a key source of livelihood but due to unpredictable weather patterns, marginal farmers are face the challenge of food security. 

Ground water levels in Rajasthan have declined by 62.7% . The per capita availability of water in the state is only 807m3, which is less than half of the national average of 2,000 m3, and is expected to decline further to 457 m3 by 2045.


The agriculture sector is the biggest consumer of freshwater, and hence under constant pressure to use water resources more efficiently by improving the performance of both irrigated and rain-fed production. India needs to look after its resources today, else scarcity will pose a serious threat to food security in the future.

Irrigation is considered the most critical input for enhancing agricultural production to meet the food and fibre requirements of India's increasing population. About 70 % of farm irrigation is done through wells/ tube-wells energised mainly with electricity and diesel-generators.

Strategic approach

Manjari has been implementing an integrated approach to resource management aimed at empowering farmers to become self-reliant for the whole year.

We are investing in creating water bodies where farmers can collect and harvest rain water. We are also training community institutions (Pani Panchyats) at village level to efficiently manage water resources. These institutions carry out participatory planning, implementation, monitoring and supervision of the watershed programme in their villages.

We follow the philosophy of “per drop more crop.” Water is a critical input in agriculture. How much, at what time and how plants are watered has a determining effect on the eventual yield. Good seeds and fertiliser fail to achieve their full potential if plants are not optimally watered.

The Key Components:

Our INRM approach is participatory and lead by Pani Panchayats - which are community-based institutions. The entire planning, implementation, monitoring and participatory evaluation is done by community themselves, while we serve as mere facilitators.

Water Smart

Water Harvesting Structures for augmentation water resource and water budgeting for efficient water Productivity

Energy Smart

Solar pump as a means to save energy and emission of greenhouse gases

Crop Smart

Integrated livelihood promotion with crop diversification to mitigate climate variability in agriculture and improved animal husbandry, small ruminant practices

Knowledge Smart

Amalgamating local knowledge with technical and scientific innovation in weather, digital, crop, water productivity, livestock etc.

Smart Institution

Vibrant community institutions Pani Panchayat and FPOs

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