Climate change is one of the biggest environmental threats the human race is facing. The threat is severe in rainfed areas of semi-arid regions of Rajasthan and Bundelkhand, where poor farmers face acute water scarcity.
The Rajasthan State accounts for 10 percent of India's total land area, 5% of its population but has only 1 percent of the country's water resources. Recurring droughts coupled with reduction number of rainy days, erratic monsoon rainfall and lowering ground water levels pose challenges for agriculture and human health. Lack of access to resources, knowledge and a support system further exacerbates farmer vulnerability.
Farming is a key source of livelihood but due to unpredictable weather patterns, marginal farmers are face the challenge of food security.